上口英语互动社群|每日一练|9月份整理合集

9.1上口英语-每日一练

—-I heard Back Street would sing at the New Theater.

-—Where did you _____?

A. pick that up  

B. put that up

C. make that up  

D. take that up

参考答案:A。

参考译文:

——我听说Back Street将在新戏院演唱。

——你从何处得到这个消息的?

解析:pick up为”获悉或打听到消息”之意。put up 为”提供;供给住宿;举起或挂起”。 make up “组成;化妆;编造”。take up “占据;拿起;开始从事”。

 9.2上口英语-每日一练

After_______seemed an endless wait, it was his turn to enter the personnel manager’s office.

A. that

B. it

C. what

D. there

参考答案: C

参考译文:在经过似乎漫长的等待后,轮到他进入人事经理的办公室了。

解析:考查宾语从句。本句中after后需要一个宾语从句,该宾语从句缺主语,因此需要一个作主语的连接代词。只有what可以在宾语从句中充当主语,故选C。

 9.3上口英语-每日一练

Do you enjoy listening to records? I find records are often _______ or better than an actual performance.

A. as good as  

B. as good

C. as well as  

D. good as

参考答案: A

参考译文:你喜欢听录音机吗?我发现录音带常常和原声唱效果一样好,或者更好一些。

解析:下文an actual performance是as和than的比较对象,和…一样用 “as + 形容词 + as”,故选A。

 9.4上口英语-每日一练

Henry can’t attend the party _______ at Tom’s house at present because he is preparing the speech at the party _______ at Marie’s house tomorrow.

A. held; being held  

B. to be held; to be held

C. to be held; held  

D. being held; to be held

参考答案:D

参考译文:Henry不可能出席今天在汤姆家举行的舞会,因为他在准备明天在 Marie家舞会上的演讲。

解析:此题考查现在分词的被动式和不定式的被动式作定语的情况;前者表示正在进行,后者表示还未发生。

 9.5上口英语-每日一练

_________ is known to all,good friends _________ happiness and value to life.

A. It; add  

B. As; add

C. It; add up  

D. As; add to

参考答案:B

参考译文:众所周知,好朋友为生活增添了快乐和价值。

解析:as引导的定语从句修饰整个主句; add to sth.”使增加,使增强”; add sth to sth. “把……加到……里边”; add up to”总计是……”。因句中已有介词to,所以只能选B。

 9.6上口英语-每日一练

I thought you would ______ that.

A、knew

B、have known

C、had known

D、know

参考答案:B

参考译文:我本来以为你会明白的。

答案解析:thought 后加 would+完成式,可以表示期望、希望落空,没有实现,had known和knew、know分别是过去完成式和一般过去式、一般现在时,可排除;have known是现在完成式,可表示本以为你会明白,但你没有明白,使说话人希望落空的意思,符合题意,所以答案是 have known。

解析延伸:

在hope,think,expect的过去式后面,加上should/would+完成式,常常表示期望、希望落空,没有实现,这里完成式要用现在完成时。

 9.7上口英语-每日一练

They ______ a new lesson since yesterday.

A、begin

B、have begun

C、have begun to study

参考答案:C

参考译文:他们从昨天就开始学习一堂新课了。

答案解析:begun 这个非延续性动词在现在完成时中,不能同since 连用,所以排除 have begun;begin是一般现在式,不能用来描述过去的事情,排除begin;have begun to study 句中的重点就变成了 to study,study为延续性动词符合语法,所以答案是have begun to study。

 9.8上口英语-每日一练

They should have known all ____ that she was lying.

A、along

B、is

C、because of

参考答案:A

参考译文:他们本该从一开始就知道她是在撒谎的。

答案解析:题干中已经有谓语动词了,所以排除is;because of 后面一般接单词或短语,that she was lying是一个从句,排除because of;代入 along,all along是一个固定搭配,意思是一直,自始至终,句子的意思是他们本该从一开始就知道她是在撒谎的,语义通顺,所以答案是 along。

9.9上口英语-每日一练

His best-known work that is _____ all praise can be seen in the museum.

A. with  

B. beyond

C. without  

D. within

参考答案:B。

参考译文:在博物馆将会看到他那令人赞叹不已的最出名的作品。

解析:beyond all praise超过所有赞扬意为赞叹不已。

9.10上口英语-每日一练

____ right now, she would not be late for the class.

A. Would she leave

B. If she leave

C. Were she to leave

D. If she had left

参考答案:C

参考译文:如果她立刻就走,她上学就不会迟到。

解析:虚拟语气,省略了if,句子部分倒装。

9.11上口英语-每日一练

The Chinese nation is____ for its diligence and courage.

A. disgusted

B. distinguished

C. discouraged

D. disappointed

参考答案:B

参考译文:中华民族以勤劳勇敢著称。

解析:disgusted指厌恶的;distinguished指卓著的,优秀的;discouraged指气馁的;disappointed指失望的。

9.12上口英语-每日一练

Frequent cultural exchange will certainly help ____friendly relations between our two universities.

A. foster

B. utilize

C. cherish

D. raise

参考答案:A

参考译文:经常的文化交流肯定有助于发展我们两校之间的友好关系。

解析:词语辨析题,要求考生掌握几个动词的意思和运用。

foster指培养,助长;utilize指运用,利用;cherish指珍爱,怀抱(希望);raise指提高,饲养。

9.13上口英语-每日一练

In this experiment, they are wakened several times during the night, and asked to report what they ____.

A. had just been dreaming

B. have just been dreaming

C. are just dreaming

D. had just dreamt

参考答案:B

参考译文:在实验期间,他们被叫醒几次,报告他们刚刚梦到了什么。

解析:语法题,此句要用现在完成进行时。

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.13互动时间-词语辨析

热点例句:

We have been in frequent contact with our allies.

我们与盟友保持频繁联系。

词语辨析:usually和frequently都有通常的意思,大家能看出两者的区别吗?

参考答案:

1、usually:通常,指习惯性动作,频度仅次于always,较often大,偶尔有间隔

2、frequently:时常,经常,与often同义,可通用,但较为正式,强调次数频繁。

9.14上口英语-每日一练

Not only you but also I ____ mistaken on this point

A. are

B. were

C. have

D. am

参考答案:D

参考译文:不仅你,我也在这点上犯了错误。

解析:按照英语语法,由not only…but also构成的主语,其谓语动词应按照就近关系,因此此句只能选择D。

—————

互动时间-翻译大爆炸

在金融危机的严重打击下,这家公司濒临破产。

参考答案:

Hit hard by the financial crisis, the company was on the verge of bankruptcy.

核心知识点:

(1)be on the verge of (在…的边缘)

(2)hit hard by the financial crisis(分词作状语;hit 过去分词表被动)

(3)bankruptcy (破产)

 9.15上口英语-每日一练

____,he is always modest.

A. With all his profound knowledge

B. Because of all his profound knowledge

C. With his all profound knowledge

D. For his profound knowledge

参考答案:A

参考译文:他尽管学识渊博,但始终很谦逊。

解析:句型“for all +one’s+名词或从句”以及“with all (one’s+名词或从句)”为习惯性用语,常用来表示让步状语, for all或with all 相当于in spite of all,意为“尽管,虽然”。

9.16上口英语-每日一练

When cooking a delicious dish, this kind of spice ____into account.

A. must be taken

B. was taken

C. had been taken

D. would have been taken

参考答案:A

参考译文:烹饪一道好菜时,必须考虑使用这种调料。

解析:此句意在说明一个普遍的事实,只需使用表示普遍情况的一般时。

 9.17上口英语-每日一练

Twenty pounds ____ enough for such a poor family to spend for a month.

A. were

B. being

C. have been

D. was

参考答案:D

参考译文:二十镑足够这样一个贫困的家庭花一个月了。

解析:表示时间度量等复数名词作主语时,常常作为一个整体看待,谓语动词用单数。

9.18上口英语-每日一练

The president of the college, together with the deans, ____planning a conference for the purpose of laying down a series of regulations.

A. were

B. are

C. is

D. will

参考答案:C

参考译文:校长与系主任们正打算召开一次会议,以制定一系列规章制度。

解析:由“together with (as well as, but, including) +名词”构成的介词短语位于主语后,句子谓语动词必须与前面的主语保持一致,而无须考虑以上介词的宾语的单复数形式。原题中主语是“the president of the college”故谓语动词应当用单数,所以选C。

 每日又一题 答案来啦

All the machines in the lab are ( ) Miss White.

A. in charge of

B. in the charge of

C. under the charge of

D. under charge of

答案:B/C

句意:实验室里的所有机器都由怀特小姐负责。

分析:sb. + be+in charge of sth.某人管理、负责某事,sth.+be+in/under the charge of sb.

9.19上口英语-每日一练

Jane has just ____a letter from a friend of hers in England.

A. returned

B. answered

C. offered

D. replied

参考答案:B

参考译文:简刚刚给她英国的一个朋友回了一封信。

解析:answer a letter 意为“回信”,此时,answer不能换成reply 。return意为“归还,退回”,offer意为“提出”。

9.20上口英语-每日一练

The theme of the novel is that a person’s fate____that of the whole country.

A. is closely linked up with

B. is closely dealt with

C. is closely taken as

D. is closely tied up with

参考答案:D

参考译文:这部小说的主题是“个人命运是与国家命运紧密联系在一起的。”

解析:本题是一道近义词组辨析题。 “be linked up with”含义为“与……连接起来(通常指的是实物)”;“be taken as”含义为“被看成是……”;“be dealt with”含义为“被如何处理”;“be tied up with”含义为“与……联系在一起”。根据句意,本句只能选择D。

9.21上口英语-每日一练

My brother has decided to become a policeman,____what may.

A. came

B. come

C. coming

D. having come

参考答案:B

参考译文:不论发生什么事,我弟弟都决心成为一名警察。

解析:本题是固定用法结构题。

come what may相当于whatever may happen,意为“不论发生什么情况”,是一固定用法。其中come是用动词原形,may有时也可用will替换。在这一用法中,主谓必须倒装。

9.22上口英语-每日一练

The task wasn’t easy, but we managed it____ .

A. anyhow

B. somehow

C. any way

D. some way

参考答案:B

参考译文:这项任务不易完成,但我们还是想办法完成了。

解析:somehow 意为“以某种方式,用某种方法”;anyhow 意为“无论用何种方法”;any way 意为“任何方式”,是名词;some way 是“某种方式”,也是名词。

9.23上口英语-每日一练?

Since the father died a year ago, there has been ____in the family about the division of the estate.

A. distinctions

B. discord

C. disadvantages

D. disappointment

参考答案:B

参考译文:自从一年前父亲去世,这家人在财产分配上一直有争吵。

解析:本题是形近词辨析题:

distinction含义为区别,区分分discord含义为争吵,不一致disadvantage含义为不利之处处disappointment含义为失望、扫兴

四个选项中,只有B最合适。

互动时间-英文猜词

已知:Joneses=有钱的邻居

那keep up with the Joneses=?

A. 阿谀谄媚

B. 跟有钱人比排场

C. 向他人看齐

答案B

The Greens will never save money because Mrs. Green thinks they always have to keep up with the Joneses.

格林太太认为他们家无论如何不能落后于左邻右舍,所以他们家永远存不下钱来。

历史典故

这个俚语最早是一部漫画书的名字。是由美国的亚瑟(Arthur Momand)于1913年创作的。漫画里描述了跟有钱人比排场的景象,于是后来人们广泛地开始使用这个短语。在现在美语中,该俚语广泛用于与左邻右舍攀比。

9.24上口英语-每日一练

“Which coat did your husband buy?”

“The black one, but I____ the green one.”

A. would rather have bought

B. would rather buy

C. would have rather bought

D. rather had bought

参考答案: A

参考译文:

“你丈夫买了哪件上衣?”

“黑色的那件,但我宁愿买绿色的。”

解析:本题考查虚拟语气。 “买”这个动作已经发生,would rather之后是对过去事实相反的假设,其结构为would rather have+过去分词。

9.25上口英语-每日一练

Not until three years ago____ to work outside.

A. he began

B. he begins

C. began he

D. did he begin

参考答案: D

参考译文:直到三年前他才开始外出工作。

解析:本题是语序结构题。not放在句首,否定until状语从句,此时主句要求倒装语序。应将助动词did提前。

9.26上口英语-每日一练

We are late. I expect the film ____by the time we get to the cinema.

A. has started

B. will have started

C. will start

D. may start

答案来了 B)【句意】我们晚点了,估计在我们到达电影院之前电影就已经开始了。 【难点】该句子中的expect意为“考虑,估计”;by the time 意为“在?之前”,常和将来完成时连用。

9.27上口英语-每日一练

But for sunlight, there ____ no moonlight.

A. will be

B. would be

C. had been

D. was

答案来了B)【句意】要是没有阳光,也就不会有月光。

  【难点】英语中经常用介词短语表示虚拟条件,常用的这类介词短语为: without,in the absence of,but for等。本句中的虚拟语气表示与现在事实相反的一种假设,故主句中谓语为would be。

9.28上口英语-每日一练

All flights ____ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train.

A. had been cancelled

B. were cancelled

C. have been cancelled

D. having been cancelled

答案来了D)【句意】因为暴风雪,所有航班被取消,所以许多乘客只好坐火车。 【难点】该句逗号前是一个独立结构,逻辑主语是All flights,逻辑谓语的动作在那时业已完成,所以选择having been cancelled。

9.29 上口英语-每日一练

   It is high time you ____that you are not the most important person in the world.

A. realized

B. have realized

C. realizes

D. will realize

公布答案 A)【句意】你该意识到你并不是世界上最重要的人。 【难点】虚拟语气也常用于it is high time that 的结构中,意为“该?了”。that 从句中的谓语一般用一般过去时。

9.30上口英语-今日答题

  These two are similar ____they both have a high rainfall during this season.

A. to that

B. besides that

C. in that

D. except that

答案来了C【句意】这两个地区相似,因为它们这个季节的降水量都很大。

  【难点】从句子结构和句意分析可知,两个句子之间构成因果关系,而能够表示因果关系的连词只有 in that,意为“原因是,原因在于”,常放在第二个句子的句首,表示第一句中事件发生的原因。

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