上口英语互动社群|每日一练|2021年1月份整理合集

1. Good morning !

What doesn’t kill us makes us stronger.

没有要我们命的事情让我们更强大。(主语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

____is announced in the papers, our country has launched a large-scale movement against smuggling and fraudulent activities in foreign currency exchange deals.

A. What

B. As

C. Which

D. That

参考答案:B

参考译文:正如报界所宣传的那样,我国已发起大规模反走私和反欺诈性外币交易的运动。

解析:as在这里是一个代词,常用在类似as is well known这样的句子中,意为“这一点”。

2、Good morning !

What hurts us the most teaches us the best.

伤害我们最深的对我们教育最深。(主语从句,最高级)

上口英语-每日一练

Many classic novels were made ____films.

A. of

B. from

C. into

D. by

参考答案:C

参考译文:很多经典小说被拍成了电影。

解析:根据题干中提示,小说和电影的关系是小说被拍成电影,be made into film是固定搭配,所以这题选into。

其他选项:能看出原材料的用be made of,比如:Some kites are made of paper。看不出原材料的用be made from,比如:We all know that paper is made from wood。be made by由……制造,Honey is made by the bee.

3、Good morning  !

The dictionary is the only place where success comes before work.

只有在字典中,成功才会出现在工作之前。(定语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

He did me a ____turn by lending me ten pounds.

A. good

B. nice

C. fine

D. pretty

参考答案:A

参考译文:他借给我十英磅,算是给我做了件好事。

解析:当turn为“行为,举止”时,常与good,bad,ill,evil连用。do sb. a good turn意为“做利于某人的事”。

相传在英荷战争期间,英国士兵在开战前喜欢喝一种荷兰的杜松子酒?? ,因为它有让人镇定的作用,还有些士兵发现这种酒能激发人的勇气,所以才有了Dutch courage这个词。事实上这里的Dutch指的就是Dutch gin(荷兰杜松子酒)。Dutch courage也只是单纯地指这种酒带来的勇气而已。

来个栗子 :

I guessed you do not dare such to do, you just have Dutch courage.

我猜你不敢这么做,你也就是酒后之勇罢了。

4、Good morning 

To be a great leader, you must have great hopes.

要想成为伟大的领导者,就必须有伟大的抱负。(不定式目的状语)

上口英语-每日一练

____money, she is quite rich. However, this does not mean that she is happy.

A. Concerning

B. As to

C. In terms of

D. In the light of

参考答案:C

参考译文:就钱而言,她很富裕。然而这并不意味着她幸福。

解析:in terms of意为“从……方面来说”;concerning意为“关于”;as to也是“关于;至于”;in the light of 意为“鉴于,由于”。

5、Good morning  !

He who is ashamed of asking is ashamed of learning.

耻于问者耻于学。(定语从句,动名词作介词宾语)

上口-每日一练

Acting _____ impulse can get you into a lot of trouble.

A. with

B. in

C. on

D. for

参考答案:C

参考译文:意气用事,后患无穷。

解析:impulse(n.)是冲动的意思,on表示根据,按照,act on impulse意思是按照冲动做事,也就是意气用事,其他几个不符合语义,排除,所以答案是on。

6、Good morning 

He who falls to plan plans to fail.

注定要失败的。(定语从句,不定式作宾语)

上口英语-每日一练

You should know better than____ your little sister at home by herself.

A. to leave

B. leaving

C. to have left

D. left

参考答案:A

参考译文:你应该知道,不该把你小妹妹一个人留在家里。

解析:to know better than to do sth.是一个常见的表示责备的句型,意为“应该知道不该做某事”。

7、Good morning!

He who makes no mistakes makes nothing.

不犯错误的人将一事无成。(定语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

The boy has admitted to ____ the window while playing football yesterday.

A. breaking

B. having been broken

C. break

D. be breaking

参考答案: A

参考译文:那个男孩承认在昨天踢足球的时候打破了窗子。

解析:admit to中的to是介词,后接名词或动名词。

8、Good  Morning !

Imagination is more important than knowledge.

想象力比知识更重要。(形容词比较级)

上口英语-每日一练

After five hours of climbing, we____reach the top of the mountain.

A、could

B、were able to

C、can

D、was able to

参考答案:B

参考译文:经过5个小时的攀爬,我们终于登上了山顶。

解析:根据题意来看,经过5个小时的攀爬,我们登上了山顶,强调经过努力,做成了某事,can和could指的是本身带有的能力,be able to通过努力才能获得的能力。根据句意和时态,所以本题应选were able to。

9、Good morning 

The hotter the fire, the harder the steel.

火烧得越旺,(锻造出来的)钢铁就越坚固。(the+ 比较级)

上口英语-每日一练

As the train will not leave until one hour later, we ____grab a bite at the snack bar.

A. may well

B. just as well

C. might as well

D. as well

参考答案:C

参考译文:既然火车一个小时以后才开,我们不妨到快餐店吃口东西。

解析:might as well后接动词原形,意为“不妨,何不”。

10、Good   morning 

Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do.

决不要让你不能做得事妨碍到你能做的事。(宾语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

____me most was that the young boy who had lost both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet.

A. That amazed

B. It amazed

C. Which amazed

D. What amazed

参考答案:D

参考译文:最令我惊讶的是,这个在车祸中失去双臂的小男孩能够用脚使用钢笔。

解析:这是一个what引导的从句作主语的典型句子。本题句子结构:

1、S+V+P 主系表结构

What amazed me most(主语从句)was (系动词)that-clause (表语从句)

2、在that引导表语从句中,who had lost both arms in an accident,是定语从句修饰主语the young boy

3、表语从句是由下面两个单句复合而成的

The young boy had lost both arms in an accident.

The young boy could handle a pen with his feet

11、Good Moring!

It’s how you deal with failure that determines how you achieve success.

你如何对待失败决定了你如何取得成功。(强调结构)

上口英语-每日一练

—Have you found the information about the famous people ________ you can use for the report?

  —Not yet. I’ll search some on the Internet.

  A. who

  B. what

  C. whom

  D. which

  解析: 选D.

你找到可以用于报道的名人的信息了吗?

现在还没有。我将在互联网上搜索一些

此题容易误选A, C. 其实,仔细分析句子结构,我们发现定语从句的先行词是information而非people, about the famous people是先行词的后置定语。

12、Good morning

Help others achieve their dreams and you will achieve yours.

帮助他人实现他们的梦想,而你也将因此实现你自己的梦想。(祈使句+and )

上口英语-每日一练

The doctor did what he could _____ the dying man.

  A. save

  B. to save

  C. saved

  D. saving

  解析:选B.

医生尽其所能抢救那个垂死的人。

此题学生容易受思维定势影响影响会误选A, 其实本题是考查动词不定式表目的。

13、Good morning 

The achievement of your goal is assured the moment you commit yourself to it.

一旦你全心投入,你目标的实现就得到了保证。(被动语态,the moment 引导的状语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

A large part of a person’s memory is____words and combination of words.

A. by means of

B. in terms of

C. in connection with

D. by way of

参考答案:B

参考译文:一个人的大部分记忆是用词和词的组合进行的。

解析:in terms of 意为“用…的话,以…措辞”;by means of意为“借着”;inconnection with 意为“与…相关联,关于”;by way of “经过…,经由…”。

14、Good morning

You become a winner the moment you believe you can win.

在你相信自己能赢得时候,你就成为了胜利者。( the moment 引导的时间状语从句,“一…就…” )

上课英语-每日一练

The life we were used to ______ greatly since 1980.

  A. change

  B. has changed

  C. changing

  D. have changed

thunder=闪电,那steal one’s thunder=?

别查词典直接选:

A. 使某人破产

B. 让某人郁郁寡欢

C. 抢某人风头

答案来了

 解析:选B. 此题也较难。 学生往往容易误选A, C. 根据句意:我习惯了的生活自从1980年以来发生了巨大变化。we wrer used to做The life的后置定语。

猜词题C

Steal one’s thunder

抢某人的风头

这个词组可不是照着字面意思翻译成“偷走某人的雷声”,最初的意思是窃取某人的想法。

这个短语的起源确实跟thunder有关,早在十八世纪初期,英国作家John Dennis在他的新舞台剧里使用了制造雷声的新方法。结果他的这部舞台剧并不是很受欢迎,反而是他制造雷声的方法被人广泛使用。

“They will not let my play run, but they steal my thunder!(他们不让我的剧上演,却偷走了我的雷声。)”

这位作家的控诉着实令人啼笑皆非,后来这个词组就引申为“窃取别人的成果和荣誉”的意思,而更常见的意思就是偷走某人的风头。还可以写成Steal one’s spotlight/limelight/show.

15、 Good  Morning 

Time and energy spent worrying are wasted.

担忧烦恼,浪费时间,也是浪费精力。(过去分词作定语,一般现在时被动语态)

上口英语-每日一练

____in the past, at the moment it is a favorite choice for wedding gown.

A. Unpopular has as white been

B. White has been as unpopular

C. Unpopular has been as white

D. Unpopular as white has been

参考答案:D

参考译文:虽然白色过去不受欢迎,但目前它是婚纱的首选颜色。

解析:as是连词,引导让步状语从句时,往往使用半倒装形式。又如:Beautiful as she is, she is foolish.

16、Good morning 

The best way to predict the failure is to create it.

预测未来的最佳方案就是创造未来。(不定式坐状语和定语)

上口英语-每日一练

A well written composition ____good choice of words and clear organization among other things.

A. calls for

B. calls on

C. calls up

D. calls off

参考答案: A

参考译文:一篇好文章,除其它因素外,还要求选词优美,组织清晰。

解析:call for意为“要求,需要”;call on意为“号召,请求”;call up意为“使人想起” ;call off意为“取消,停止做”。

17、Good morning

Your brain needs exercise to stay fit, just like your body.

大脑需要锻炼才能保持健康,就像你的身体一样。(不定式坐目的状语)

上口英语-每日一练

Televisions enable us to see things happen almost at the exact moment____.

A. which they are happening

B. they are happening

C. which they happen

D. they have happened

参考答案:B

参考译文:电视使我们能够在事情发生的那一瞬间就看到它们是如何发生的。

解析:moment后接的是省略关系副词when的定语从句。B符合题意要求。

扩展:

当先行词为the time ,the moment, the day, the minute 等时,关系副词when可以省略,也可以用that引导

eg.They realized this from the moment (when/that)Bessie opened the door for them.

The achievement of your goal is assured the moment you commit yourself to it.

一旦你全心投入,你目标的实现就得到了保证。(被动语态,the moment 引导的状语从句)

You become a winner the moment you believe you can win.

在你相信自己能赢得时候,你就成为了胜利者。( the moment 引导的时间状语从句,“一…就…” )

18、Good Morning

Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.

我们最大的弱点就是放弃。成功最有把握的方法就是尽力再试一次。(动名词作介词宾语,不定式作定语和表语)

上口英语-每日一练

They have considered their high standard of living a(n)____for practising their basic beliefs.

A. award

B. reward

C. result

D. consequence

参考答案:B

参考译文:他们认为自己的高生活水准是对实施基本信仰的一种报偿。

解析:reward意为“报答;奖赏”;award意为“奖;奖品”;result 意为“结果”;consequence意为“后果”。

19、Good morning 

Putting off an easy thing makes it hard. Putting off a hard thing makes it impossible.

简单的事情因为拖延而变得困难;困难的事情因为拖延而变得不可能(完成)。(动名词作主语。“make +…+形容词作宾补)

#今日拓展#

“热搜”可以表达为:”hot search”。

但往往在社交网络上,很多时候会用”trending”来表示热搜。

trend作名词时有”趋势;趋向;倾向;动态”的意思。

“热搜话题”就可以用”a trending topic”或者”trending topics”来表达。

例:In just two days, it has successfully become a trending topic on the Internet.

短短两天,它就成功地成为了网上热搜话题。

Trending topic: 热搜话题

Trending hashtag: 热搜话题

Hashtag是指#,Twitter,Facebook上话题一般会加#

上口英语-每日一练

Jack is so ____to his appearance that he never has his clothes pressed.

A. adverse

B. anonymous

C. indifferent

D. casual

参考答案: C

参考译文:杰克从不注意自己的外表,衣服从来不烫。

解析:indifferent意为“漠不关心的”; adverse意为“不利的,反对的”;anonymous 意为“匿名的”; casual意为“非正式的,不拘礼节的”。

20、Good morning 

The only good luck many great men ever had was being born with the ability to overcome bad luck.

对于许多伟大的人来说,他们唯一的幸运之处就是他们具有征服厄运的天赋。

(省略关系代词的定语从句。过去进行时被动语态。不定式作定语)

上口英语-每日一练

It has been suggested that people who watch television incessantly ____overly passive.

A、become

B、may become

C、should become

D、became

参考答案:B

参考译文:有迹象显示,经常看电视的人可能会变得过分消极。

答案解析:本句中的suggest不作“建议”讲,而是“显示,暗示,表明”之意,所以这里that从句中不是虚拟语气,It在本句中作形式主语,真实主语是that从句。

It has been suggested that sb should/may be sth,suggest 后面绝大多数都要加一个语气助词的,排除A、D项. B C里面,C:should become是肯定的意思,与句子的意思不相符,所以选B。

21、Good morning 

The greatest discovery of our generation is that a human being can alter his life by altering his attitude.

我们这一代人的最大发现就是:人类可以通过改变态度来改变自己的生活。(表语从句。动名词作介词宾语)

上口英语-每日一练

Following are comments about the behavior that people in Korea usually expect in various social ____.

A. occasions

B. cases

C. situations

D. circumstances

参考答案: A

参考译文:下列是有关韩国人在不同的社交场合可能有的行为的评论。

解析:occasion意为“场合,节庆活动”;case 意为“事实;情况”;situation意为“情况;处理”;circumstance意为“环境;形势”。

22、Good Morning

It is not what happens to you; it is what you do with what happens to you.

重要的不是在你身上发现了什么,而是应变时你所做的事情。(表语从句,宾语从句,介词宾语)

上口英语-每日一练

The millions of calculations involved, ____by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished.

A. had they been done

B. they had been done

C. having been done

D. they were done

参考答案:A

参考译文:数百万次计算如果用手工操作,那么,到计算结束的时候,就将失去其全部实际意义。

解析:这是一句虚拟语气的句子,条件句使用了省略if的倒装句形式,动作与过去事实相反。

23、 Good morning 

It is not what other people think of you, it is what you think of yourself that counts.

重要的不是别人如何看待你,而是你如何看待自己。(强调句型,强调what 引导的主语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

James has just arrived, but I didn’t know he____until yesterday.

A. will come

B. was coming

C. had been coming

D. comes

参考答案 B

参考译文:詹姆斯刚刚到达,但我直到昨天才知道他要来。

解析:此题考查时态的运用。许多起始动词的现在进行时和过去进行时都可用来表示将来,这类动词有:arrive,come,leave,return,sail,start,die,ect.这里was coming等于would come。因此B为正确选项

24、Good morning 

As long as you are dreaming, believing, and doing, you can go anywhere and achieve anything.

只要你有梦想,有信念,有行动,你就可以无往不利,无所不胜。( “ as long as”条件状语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

During our stay in London, we paid a visit to the hospital founded____the nurse Florence Nightingale.

A. in line with

B. in honor of

C. in favor of

D. in place of

参考答案 B

参考译文:在伦敦停留期间,我们拜访了为纪念南丁格尔而修建的那所医院。

解析:in honor of此处意为“为纪念”,符合本题题意。in line with则意为“同……一致,与……相符”;in favor of 作“赞成、支持,有利于”讲;in place of意为“替代”。因此B为正确选项。

25、Good Morning

Whatever you do, do whole-heartedly.

无论你做什么,都要全心全意地做。( “ whatever” 引导的让步状语从句。合成词)

上口英语-每日一练

In the past most bus drivers have been men, but today the number of women ____ this field is climbing.

A. devoting

B. engaging

C. registering

D. pursuing

参考答案 D

参考译文:过去大多数公共汽车司机均为男士,而如今从事这一领域的女士人数正在上升。

解析:pursue此处意为“从事”,符合本题题意。engage表示“从事,忙于”时则应与in搭配;devote一词的常用搭配为devote oneself (sth.) to意为“献身于,致力于”;register意为“登记,注册”

26、Good Morning

Success is how you bounce when you hit bottom.

成功是堕落到底反弹的高度。(表语从句。时间状语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

We must ensure that tourism develops in harmony ____ the environment.

A、about

B、with

C、on

参考答案:B

参考译文:我们必须确保旅游业与环境和谐发展。

解析:in harmony with与…协调一致,固定搭配,排除on和about,答案是B with。

27、Good Morning

Success is measured not by how much money you have made, but by how many people you have helped.

恒量成功的标准不是看你赚了多少钱,而是看你帮了多少人。(一般现在时被动语态。宾语从句。转折并列句)

上口英语-每日一练

We offer him our congratulations ____his passing the examinations.

A、with

B、on

C、of

参考答案:B

参考译文:我们祝贺他通过考试。

解析:本题考查of,on和with的辨析,on本意是在…上,with 本意是和…,表跟随,伴随,of 本意表归属。由题干可知,应是先通过了考试,之后才表达祝贺,不是伴随关系,排除with;这里祝贺和通过考试也不是所属关系,排除of;关于考试通过这件事来表达祝贺,on有关于的意思,所以答案是on。

28、Good morning 

Great works are performed not by strength, but by perseverance.

完成伟大的事业不在于体力,而在于坚韧不拨的毅力。(一般现在时被动语态。“ but ”连接两个介词短语表转折)

上口英语-每日一练

____ that it was going to rain, he took a raincoat with him

A. Seeing

B. Saw

C. Seen

D. To see

参考答案:A

参考译文:看到即将下雨,他带上了雨衣。

解析:本题是分词作状语结构题。分词作状语可表示时间、原因、方式或伴随情况等。现在分词作状语时,句中主语是该分词行为的逻辑主语;过去分词作状语时,句中主语是该分词行为的逻辑宾语。本句中he是发出“看”这个动作的主语,因此应用现在分词。

29、Good Morning!

Man is not judged by his words, but by his deeds.

评判一个人不是看他的言语,而是看他的行动。(一般现在时被动语态。“ but ”连接两个介词短语表转折)

上口英语-每日一练

If you____hard, you____in the exam.

A. worked/ wouldn’t have failed

B. had worked/ wouldn’t fail

C. had worked/ wouldn’t have failed

D. worked/ wouldn’t fail

参考答案:C

参考译文:如果你当时努力学习,你就不会通不过考试。

解析:本题是虚拟语气结构题。

这是对过去行为的虚拟,结构是If+主语+过去完成时……,主语+would have done(即would接不定式的完成式)。

30、Good  Morning 

No one can humiliate or disturb us unless we let them.

没有任何人能侮辱我们、困扰我们,除非我们自己允许。(条件状语从句)

上口英语-每日一练

A series of robberies ____recently.

A. has been reported

B. has reported

C. have been reported

D. have reported

参考答案: A

参考译文:最近报道了一系列抢劫案。

解析:本题是主语人称类结构题。 首先应排除主动语态的选项。其次,当a series of,a species of,a portion of,a kind/type of等加上名词时,谓语动词一般用单数,即谓语动词的单复数取决于species,series,portion,kind,type是否是单、复数,而不取决于of后面名词的单、复数。本句中series是被a限定的,因此是单数。

31、Good morning 

No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.

没有你的同意,没有人能让你自卑。(主、谓、宾、补结构)

上口英语-每日一练

When we drove to the country, we saw many ____.

A. herds of cattles

B. herds of cattle

C. herd of cattle

D. herd of cattles

参考答案: B

参考译文:当我们驱车野外,我们看见了许多牛群。

解析:本题考查名词的单复数。

首先考虑到herd可数,因此排除C、D两项;其次,cattle作复数时仍为cattle,不能加s。

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